More screens on one grahpic card

To create X-widnows screen for each graphic card outpout (:0.0, :0.1) special parameter ZaphodHeads in xorg.conf must be used. Orginal source of info: http://web.archive.org/web/20130429073111/http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/X.Org/Dual_Monitors#Single_graphics_card.2C_Multiple_X_screens_with_ZaphodHeads

https://nouveau.freedesktop.org/wiki/MultiMonitorDesktop/

Xorg :1 -configure
cp /root/xorg.conf.new /etc/X11/xorg.conf

This will create the file /root/xorg.conf.new, which you can then copy to /etc/X11/xorg.conf

Then you modify the pregenerated xorg.conf to define different screen for each output (available output names you get by xrandr list) using the ZaphodHeads parameter.

Section "ServerLayout"
                Identifier "default"
                Screen     "Screen0" 0 0
                Screen     "Screen1" LeftOf "Screen0"
EndSection
 
 
 
Section "Device"
        Identifier  "Card0"
        Driver      "nouveau"
        BusID       "PCI:1:0:0"
        Option      "ZaphodHeads" "VGA-1"
        Screen       0
EndSection
 
Section "Device"
        Identifier  "Card1"
        Driver      "nouveau"
        BusID       "PCI:1:0:0"
        Option      "ZaphodHeads" "DVI-I-1"
        Screen       1
EndSection
 
 
Section "Screen"
        Identifier "Screen0"
        Device     "Card0"
        SubSection "Display"
                Viewport   0 0
                Depth     16
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Viewport   0 0
                Depth     24
        EndSubSection
EndSection
 
Section "Screen"
        Identifier "Screen1"
        Device     "Card1"
        SubSection "Display"
                Viewport   0 0
                Depth     16
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Viewport   0 0
                Depth     24
        EndSubSection
EndSection

Sample config for intel graphic card:

Section "Device"
	Identifier "Intel0"
	Driver     "intel"
	BusID	   "PCI:0:2:0"
	Option     "ZaphodHeads" "HDMI1"
	Option      "AccelMethod"  "sna"
	Screen     0
EndSection

Section "Device"
	Identifier "Intel1"
	Driver     "intel"
	BusID	   "PCI:0:2:0"
	Option     "ZaphodHeads" "HDMI2"
	Option      "AccelMethod"  "sna"
	Screen     1
EndSection

Section "Screen"
	Identifier "Screen0"
	Device     "Intel0"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
	Identifier "Screen1"
	Device     "Intel1"
EndSection

Section "ServerLayout"
	Identifier "default"
	Screen     "Screen0" 0 0
	Screen     "Screen1" LeftOf "Screen0"
EndSection

None that you can determine the parameter to „ZaphodHeads“ by connecting the monitors to the associated ports, starting an X session (it will clone displays by default), and running „xrandr“.

Note that the 'Option „AccelMethod“ „sna“' is required on intel chipsets in order to use ZaphodHeads. This is not well documented.

Using Multiple screens

With the X configuration above, you are given two separate „screens“. Using multiple screens in this way gives advantages mainly in terms of speed and hardware acceleration, and in allowing different colour depths on different screens. Another advantage is that your window manager effectively runs independently on each screen, so you can have different configurations on each, or many workspaces on each screen.

The main disadvantage is that you cannot move windows between two screens unless your program has a facility for doing this internally. As well, programs cannot overlap screens or stretch over all of them.

The DISPLAY environment variable on an X Server running multiple screens has the format „:0.0“. The „:0“ refers to the server number, and the following digit refers to the screens (counting from zero, of course). To make an application run on a different screen than it would normally start on, run it as

 DISPLAY=":0.1" program_name 

, where the 1 refers to the screen number that you want it to appear on.

Then it is possible to run indipendent windows manager or Xaphier on each screen. With dedicated keyboard.

sudo DISPLAY=:0.1 Xephyr -nocursor -ac -fullscreen -br :1 -keybd evdev,,device=/dev/input/by-id/usb-04d9_1400-event-kbd &sleep 2 && fluxbox -display :1 & sleep 3 && sudo -u ff -H firefox --display=:1 -url http://cokoli.odorik.cz& 
export DISPLAY=:0.0

To start firefox in fullscreen mode to run presentation or special barcode reader webpage use this extensions. https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/forcefull/

The script starting something dedicated to a second screen can be started from „icon“ placed to a ~/.config/autostart dir.

[Desktop Entry]
Name=kreditchecker
GenericName=kreditchecker
Exec=/home/user/.config/autostart/restart_kreditchecker.sh
Terminal=false
Type=Application
 
linux_multihead.txt · Poslední úprava: 2018/03/09 00:05 autor: root